What is the 1 Megawatt Solar Power Plant Cost? Today, anyone can set-up a solar power plant with a capacity of 1KW to 1MW on your land or rooftop spaces. The Govt. of India (MNRE) latest guidelines state that “Now anyone can generate electricity through solar power system and surplus electricity can be export through net-metering system. The installation of net-metering at the site will connect it to grid via state electricity board or distribution companies. Ministry of new and renewable energy (MNRE) and state nodal agencies are also providing 30%-70% subsidy on solar panel for residential, institutional and non-profit organisations.
100kw and above Solar power Plants Diagram
These regulations were long awaited. This will boost solar or green power generation across the state and encourage people to install solar power system on their rooftops.
Types of Solar Power Plant
The basic work of Solar Power plant is to generate electricity from solar panel. Solar Panel generates DC (Direct Current) electricity from sunlight, solar inverter convert this power to AC (Alternative Current) and run your electrical home appliances and machines. Basically there are three types of Solar Power Plant.
Video – Types of Solar System
Off Grid Solar Power Plant
Off grid is a battery based solar power system, In the first priority this system will run your home appliances or connect load (as per solar inverter capacity). And surplus power feed in to the solar battery bank, provided with the solar power system. This type of solar power are recommended where power cut are the major problem.
On Grid Solar Power Plant
On grid solar system is grid (Government electricity supply) connected system. In the first priority this system will run your home appliances or connect load (without any limit). If your connected load will exceed the capacity of installed solar power plant it will automatically use the power from main grid. And if your connected load is less, it will supply surplus power to the grid. This type of system is recommended to reduce electricity bills only.
Hybrid Solar Power Plant
Hybrid is a combination of on grid solar system as well as off grid solar system. One side hybrid solar system connects with the main electricity grid and simultaneously it will also provide battery backup to you.
Solar Plant Investment Model
There are two ways to get solar power system installed at your home, business, institute or industry.
CAPEX and OPEX Model Solar Power Installations
CAPEX Model (One Time Investment)
In CAPEX model (capital expenditure will be yours) you will have to pay the complete system’s cost to system installation company in one shot and this would be your own system. And you will be get benefited for free electricity for next 25 plus years. If you are planing to install solar system for home or small business and your instillation size is less than 100 kW, then the best way to get it installed is CAPEX model.
OPEX Or PPA Model
In OPEX model (operation expenditure will be yours) system installation company will install the complete system at their own cost on your rooftop through a 10-25 year Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) between you and installation company. After that you just need to pay per unit on monthly basis. The PPA rates (Rs. 3 to Rs.7) are depend on your installation size, PPA time period and your company’s credit rating. If you want to install solar system for your institute, business or industry and your installation size is above 100kW. You can go for OPEX model.
OPEX or PPA Model
Solar Power Plant System Installation in OPEX Model
You might not want to build your own solar system but rather then this, you want to buy the electricity produced by the solar system. That way, you don’t have the upfront costs, construction and maintenance to worry about. Maybe someone else will be happy to build a solar plant on your roof (or nearby) and sell you the power through a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA). This model works typically for industrial and commercial solar system consumers and Indian companies have started offering it to residential customers in some cities. A PPA is a formal agreement between an electricity consumer (in this case, you) and the electricity generator (usually an investor) that specifies terms and conditions of electricity purchase. Details usually include the length of the PPA (typically 10- 25 years), the price (tariff) for the power from the solar plant and annual escalations (if any). OPEX model is also called the power purchase agreement.
1 Megawatt Solar Power Plant Cost
We see a huge demand of information regarding investment model for setting up a 1 MW solar system. We have decided to create a 1 MW estimate series. So here it is:
|Investment Model for 1 MW Solar Plant|
|Capacity of Power Plant||1 MW|
|Generation per Year||17.50 Lakh|
|Degradation 1 to 10 year||0.05%|
|Degradation 11 to 25 year||0.67%|
|Rate of Interest (Indian)||13.0%|
|Rate of Interest (Foreign)||10%|
|Repayment Period (Indian)||11 years|
|Repayment Period (Foreign)||15 Years|
|Percentage of Indian Loan||70%|
|Sale of Electricity||Rs. 6.49|
|Cost of Project per MW||450 Lakh|
|O&M Cost per MW||8 Lakh/year|
|Minimum Alternate Tax||18.38%|
|Project Cost||450 Lakh|
Solar power plant 1mw price large scale solar system grount mounted
Financial Model 1MW Solar Plant
For ten years are as below (Lakh):
|Bank Interest Payment||57.1||51.8||46.4||41||35.6||30.2||24.9||19.5||14.1||8.7||330|
|Total Expense (without AD)||99.4||94.1||88.7||83.3||77.9||72.5||67.2||61.8||56.4||51.0||753|
|Profit Before Tax (without AD)||14.1||19.4||24.7||30.1||35.4||40.7||46.0||51.2||56.7||61.9||380|
|Taxation (without AD)||2.7||3.7||4.7||5.7||6.8||7.7||8.7||9.7||10.8||11.8||72|
|Profit After Tax (Without AD)||11.4||15.7||20.0||24.4||28.6||33.0||37.4||41.5||45.5||50.2||308|
|Profit After Tax (Without AD)||11.4||15.7||20.0||24.4||28.6||33.0||37.4||41.5||45.5||50.2||308|
|Bank Debt Service amount||41.37||41.37||41.37||41.37||41.37||41.37||41.37||41.37||41.37||41.37||413|
1MW Solar Plant Balance Sheet
|Total Revenue for 10 years||113,300,000||Operational Expenses||8,000,000|
|Bank Interest Payment||33,000,000|
|Total Expense (without AD)||75,300,000|
|Profit Before Tax (without AD)||38,000,000|
|Taxation (without AD)||7,230,000|
|(Min Alternative Tax 19%)|
|Profit After Tax (Without AD)||30,770,000|
|Profit After Tax (Without AD)||30,770,000|
|Total amount in account||65,070,000|
|Bank Debt Amount||41,300,000|
|Balance cash in hand||23,770,000|
Solar Power Plant in India
The demand of clean energy in India is huge. India is one of the largest power generation portfolio. Indian government has launched the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) on 11 January 2010, which aims to produce 227 GW of solar energy by 2022. It is a three phase mission which aims to install 20,000 MW on grid solar power plants, 2000 MW off grid solar power plant including 20 million solar lights and to create favourable conditions for developing solar manufacturing capability in the country.
India’s Top 10 States with Solar Installation
Solar Plant Installed in India
Solar power in India is one of the most rapid developing industry. This can be judged from the fact that many big solar power plants have been already installed in India. Some of their examples are:
Solar plant installed at Badla Rajasthan, India
1. Bhadla Solar Park, Rajasthan: Bhadla Solar Park is 2055 MW capacity solar power plant located in Jodhpur district of Rajasthan and spread over a total area of 10,000 acres. It is one of the largest solar parks in India.
2. Shakti Sthala Pavagada Solar Park, Karnataka: Shakti Sthala Pavagada Solar Park is situated in Karnataka. It is one of the world’s biggest solar power plant that has spread over 13,000 acres with 2,000 MW of power generation capacity.
3. Charanka Solar Park, Gujrat: Charanka Solar Park is world’s third largest photovoltaic solar power plant. The park is installed in Patan district of Gujarat and has 790 MW capacity.
4. Kadaladi Power Station, Tamil Nadu: Kadaladi solar park is a 500MW solar park planned for commissioning in 2019 in the region of Ramanathapuram district and proposed 4,000 MW power station, built by Tangedco at Naripaiyur village.
5. Dhirubhai Ambani Solar Park, Rajasthan: Dhirubhai Ambani Solar Park is located near Pokhran in the Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan. This solar power plant is developed by Reliance Industries. It is one of the largest in the state of Rajasthan.
6. Maharashtra Solar Power Plant: Maharashtra Solar Power Plant is situated in the Beed district of Maharashtra. This solar power plant was established in August 2017. This solar power plant has a capacity of 67 MW and named after the state of Maharashtra.
Scope of Solar Power in India
India is a developing country and its population is increasing day by day. It is expected that India become world’s most populated country by 2022. India provides a positive environment among investors keen to tap into India’s potential. India has a long way to go in the sector of solar energy.
In near future, India will explore new potential areas and ensure the maximum use of solar power get world leadership. The “National Institution of Solar Energy in India” has determined the country’s solar power potential at around 750 GW. India is slowly going to get its dominion in the field of solar power generation due to ambitious state and center’s solar policies and projects.
Solar Power In India
Nowadays India start switching to solar energy that is one of the best financial decision in today’s world. As we can see the prices of fossil and fuel are increasing day by day so this is a perfect alternative of this problem. Although, India has huge scope in the field of solar energy in near future because solar power for home and industries are a cheap source of clean energy and secondly, it is available widely across the country without any
TIPS FOR BUYING YOUR SOLAR POWER SYSTEM.
Buying a home solar power system can be a very exciting experience, but don’t get too carried away by advertising. Be sure to focus on the important aspects of your purchase as it’s a substantial investment and one you’ll be living with for a long time. The following are some buying solar tips on what to look for when purchasing a system.
Ask friends, family neighbours or colleagues who have had solar PV systems installed. Often the best buying solar tips com from right in your neighbourhood. They’ll be able to tell you about their experiences and perhaps alert you to any problems they experienced. Problems that you’ll be able to avoid. Learn more about potential issues in our consumers guide to solar power – avoiding tricks and traps.
Length of manufacturer’s warranty
Take note of what guarantees the manufacturer offers. If the manufacturer is reputable and the warranty period on the panels is substantial (at least 25 years) you would naturally expect your solar system to last long for a long time, long enough to pay for itself and make you a profit. However, for a warranty to be honoured, the manufacturer needs to be still operating. So, be cautious of brands without a track record in Australia.
Have realistic price expectations
If you are paying substantially less than many other similar size systems quoted, you may find poor quality equipment and/or poor installation work. Quality equipment and installation isn’t cheap and, like all other purchases, you often get what you pay for.
Compare components and warranty periods and check into the company providing the installation. While large, well established companies can pass on substantial savings due to increased buying power, other companies often reduce costs by cutting important corners.
Solar panel certifications
This applies to all solar panel purchases, but especially to the purchases that could attract a government rebate. The certification on solar panels indicates the type of testing that they have undergone. For instance, TUV IEC 61215 confirms that the solar panels have gone through testing by an independent laboratory and have met their advertised specifications. Other certification types are often self-assessed. Therefore, they rely on the company being honest in what it claims.
Decide on the type of panels
It used to be the case that if you had limited roof space you would need highly efficient (and very expensive) mono-crystalline solar panels. This is rapidly changing with advances in polycrystalline panel technology and some thin film technologies. Still, even if you have ample roof space you may still want to consider panel sizes vs. output. Filling up your roof with inefficient panels will affect your ability to add more panels at a later date, and does not maximise the power output of the space.
It’s also important to bear in mind that regardless of claim, no solar panel technology will produce a significant amount of power in full shade. Learn more about monocrystalline vs. thin film panels.
Solar panel mounting
Make sure that the roof, ground mounting or tracking system is engineer certified for the area you are in. For example, if you live in a cyclone prone area make sure the mounting system and mounting brackets are also cyclone rated. Quality systems are wind certified. After all you do not want your system to take off during a wild storm . The mounting system is a very vital component and some suppliers skimp on this item. Make sure you ask about wind certification, warranty arrangements and get copies of relevant documents.
Solar inverter efficiency
A power inverter is the box between the panels and your appliances that converts DC electricity from solar panels to AC suitable for use in your home.
Not all solar inverters are equal and inverter efficiency will have a direct impact on the amount of time it takes for a system to pay for itself. Look at the inverter efficiency before purchasing a system. Obviously, the more efficient the inverter the better. Less electricity will be wasted as heat during the conversion from DC to AC. Industry leading solar inverters for grid connect systems in Australia include SMA, Sungrow and Fronius. Be cautious of generic type brands.
Get a few solar quotes
It always wise to gather a few solar quotes when making a major purchase as you will find that prices vary widely between providers. But don’t be just swayed by price as inferior components can reduce the up-front cost of the system. However, they may wind up costing you more in the long run in terms of reliability and efficiency.
Avoid high pressure sales people
High pressure sales tactics are unfortunately common in the solar industry. Try not to make decisions on the spot, just ask the person to let you consider the offer. If it’s as good as they claim, it will still be a good deal tomorrow. Pressured decisions on the spot often turn out to be less advantageous in reflection.
High pressure sales people are only one of the pitfalls that may await you when you shop for a solar power system. Learn more about the potential issues and how to avoid them in our consumers guide to solar power – avoiding tricks and traps.