best os for python machine learning

We have researched the Best Os For Python Machine Learning. This is why we are sharing this post on best os for artificial intelligence. Suppose you want the best os for scientific computing, then reading this post will help.


There is no conflict that Linux is a better option than Windows for programmers. But in this article, we will talk about which of the two operating systems is better for the role of a data scientist.

best os for artificial intelligence

Best Os For Python Machine Learning

1. Speed

90% of the world’s fastest supercomputers run on Linux, compared to the 1% on Windows. The computing power of Linux is much more than that of Windows, plus it comes with excellent hardware support. Data scientists run data so large in number that it gets difficult to handle. Windows is not a very good platform as it fails on the computing speed compared to Linux.

Another aspect is the use of Docker which lets one develop experiments that can run simultaneously without interfering with each other. It helps to create independent containers to run the algorithms, some of which are capable of running at a fast speed only on GPUs and not CPUs. To run the Docker containers on NVIDIA Docker, which is an NVIDIA GPU, one can only use a Linux host machine. For GPU-accelerated algorithms, Linux definitely wins.

2. Software

Linux has many software choices when it comes to doing a specific task compared to Windows. One could search for a text editor on Freshmeat and get a number of results. Software on Linux comes with more features and greater usability than software on Windows. 



3. Flexibility

Linux is highly flexible. It can be made to run on almost anything and everything. It has great flexibility of functionality. The amount of resources that it takes to run is much less than that of Windows. If Windows is given 8 gigs of RAM it runs poorly for functions as heavy as the job of a data scientist. Linux can use much less than this. Because of this, one can run on older hardware for longer without having to worry about new resources being available to one’s applications. Accessing, scrubbing and deploying data is far easier in Linux than in Windows. 

4. Free Applications

The Linux OS is free. Moreover, it is open-sourced. So data scientists, who are also generally avid enthusiasts of open-source projects, can contribute to the Linux community and suggest changes according to the work of data scientists. It has many applications and features suitable for the data science community. Not only one is getting the software for no charge but also has the option to modify the source code and add more features if you understand the programming language. Linux has all of the features you can need in an OS and it is fully hardware compatible. Regular users and programmers contribute applications all the time. The open source contribution could be a small modification or feature enhancement of an already existing software or it can even be a completely new application. Compared to Linux, Windows has considerably less number of free products. Windows is not free or open-sourced. Majority of the Linux software is free and open source. 

5. Presentations And Work Sheets

Linux has Libre Office but Windows’ Microsoft Office is much more powerful. When dealing with metadata, which is what data scientists are popularly known to do in their daily work life, there needs to be a good tool or set of tools for arranging data. Windows wins here with its Excel and easy presentation techniques. Word processing and handling spreadsheets is much easier in Windows.SEE ALSO

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6. Job Demand

Because of the speed of Linux, it is in high demand in data scientist’s or any software role’s job profile. Most data science companies use Linux because of the obvious advantages that it provides with analysing data. Most data scientists have their codes developed and deployed on the Linux OS. Having said that, there are also companies that use Windows as their OS so one should be flexible enough to adapt to both OSs. 

7. Conclusion

Broadly speaking, it is not the OS that matters for efficient work in data science, but the tools and the environment that an OS provides for the work of a data scientist. A good OS will have a better number of tools. 

Apart from considering the similarity or differences in the number of tools available, other factors like speed also matter to decide what OS to go choose. To be on the safer side it is always better to go with a Linux system, over Windows. Linux is built to be more developer-friendly and gives much more flexibility over Windows.

best os for scientific computing

What Is The Difference Between Server OS And Everyday OS?

Understanding how to differentiate a server OS from an everyday one is vital to our discussion. The differences are very specific.

An everyday OS will be able to run programs like MS Word, PowerPoint, Excel, etc. including running one of your favorite video games. It enables applications that make browsing the web and checking emails easy. It uses LAN and Bluetooth connections and is cheaper than a server OS.

Server OS, on the other hand, are expensive and rightfully so. These platforms enable unlimited user connections, a greater memory capacity, and act as universal servers for web, emails, and databases.

A server OS can handle multiple desktops as it is optimized for a network instead of catering to a single user.

What Is An Operating System?

An operating system in its most general definition is the software that allows a user to run crucial applications on his/her computing device. It helps to manage a computer’s hardware resources. It helps to support basic functions like scheduling tasks, and controlling peripherals.

Which OS Is Best For Personal Use?

When it comes to home use, traditional Windows and MAC OS are great options. At home, you don’t need powerful OS especially for simple tasks like writing or browsing the web. For gaming, the Windows operating system is well optimized than that of MAC.

Which Is The Fastest OS?

While discussing the fastest OS, there is no argument that Linux based OS is the lightest and fastest OS in the market right now. It doesn’t need a powerful processor unlike Windows to operate at an optimal level.

Linux based OS like Ubuntu Server, CentOS server, Fedora is great options especially for running business enterprises where substantial computing power is mandatory.

Free Operating System Alternatives

We understand that not everyone has enough dollars to afford a high-grade operating system for their computers. However, that’s not all the bad news as there are free OS alternatives which ensure that your computer keeps running. All the below options are available for download, hence you can simply install it today.

  • Linux: Linux is absolutely free and will literally run on anything.
  • Chrome OS: Chrome OS is available on a number of Low cost and some high-end laptops, like chrome books.
  • Free BSD: With its roots connected to Linux, it is the modern-day version of the Berkeley Software Distribution.
  • Syllable: Syllable is yet another free alternative for home and small business users only.
  • ReactOS: Initially launched as a Windows 95 clone, this OS has come a long way since then.

Notable mentions go to OS like Haiku, MorphOS, Android.

OS Market Share

OS_Market_Share

[image source]

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Android: 39.19%, Windows: 35.12, iOS: 13.85%, MAC OS: 5 %, Linux: 0.77% are some numbers for the market share of these companies.

As of July 2019, Android’s pervasiveness through portable smartphones has made it an undisputed leader in the Operating Systems domain.

It is followed closely by Windows whose familiarity crosses boundaries beyond the United States. Apple iOS and Mac OS are understandably behind because of their exclusiveness to the Apple brand.Pro Tip: Before deciding on your operating system, try to identify what your requirements are. If you have a budget and want the best gaming and application experience then maybe you won’t mind spending a few bucks on the Windows Pro Version. For entrepreneurs, who might be looking for more than just an application running system, opt for a Linux based system for optimal results.

The below list aims at making your decision-making process simpler, hence you don’t need to waste time on pondering over what is best.=>> Contact us to suggest a listing here.

10 Best Operating Systems In Market

Get ready to explore the top operating systems that are used worldwide.

  1. MS-Windows
  2. Ubuntu
  3. Mac OS
  4. Fedora
  5. Solaris
  6. Free BSD
  7. Chrome OS
  8. CentOS
  9. Debian
  10. Deepin

Comparison Of The Top Operating Systems

OS NameComputer Architecture SupportedTarget System DefaultSecurity ThreatBest ForPriceWebsite
WindowsX86,
x86-64,
Workstation, Personal ComputerHugeApps, Gaming, Browsing$119 – $199Windows
Mac OS68k,
Power PC
Workstation, Personal ComputerNegligibleApple Exclusive AppsFreeMac OS
UbuntuX86,
X86-64,
Power PC,
SPARC,
Alpha.
Desktop/serverNegligibleOpen Source Downloading, APPSFreeUbuntu
FedoraX86,
X86-64,
Power PC,
SPARC,
Alpha.
Desktop/serverNegligibleCoding, Corporate UseFreeFedora
FreeBSDX86,
X86-64,
PC 98,
SPARC,
others.
Server, Workstation, NAS, embeddedNegligibleNetworkingFreeFreeBSD

#1) MS-Windows

Best For Apps, Browsing, Personal Use, Gaming, etc.
Price: $119 – $199$ (Pro)

MS Windows

Windows is the most popular and familiar operating system on this list. From Windows 95, all the way to the Windows 10, it has been the go-to operating software that is fueling the computing systems worldwide.

It is user-friendly, and starts up & resumes operations fast. The latest versions have more built-in security to keep you and your data safe.

Features

  • A robust User Interface which helps in easier navigation, with a start menu on the left side by listing out options and representing applications.
  • The Task View feature lets the users switch between multiple workspaces at once, by displaying all the open Windows.
  • Two separate user interfaces, one for mouse and keyboard, and the ‘Tablet Mode’ designed for touchscreens.
  • Multifactor authentication technology for higher security like BIN, PIN, Fingerprint recognition, etc.
  • Automatically compress system files to reduce the storage footprint.

Verdict: The Windows software is simply best because of how it has evolved with time. Its security system is state-of-the-art, its user interface allows convenient usage irrespective of the device that you are using it on. The only thing that will pinch some is its price.

Website: Microsoft


#2) Ubuntu

Best for Open Source Downloading, Running Apps, Browsers, and Gaming.
Price: Free

Ubuntu

Ubuntu is a Linux based OS that comes with everything that you are looking for in an operating system. It is perfect for organizations, schools, and home use. It is free to download, use, and share and that alone should be worth checking this app out.

Suggested reading =>> Windows Vs Ubuntu- Which is a better OS?

It is backed by Canonical which is a global software company, and now by the leading Ubuntu service providers.

Features

  • Ubuntu is an Open Source software, which allows it to be freely downloaded, used and shared by its users.
  • It comes with a built-in firewall and virus protection software, by making it the most secure OS around.
  • You get five years of security patches and updates.
  • Ubuntu is fully translated into 50 different languages.
  • It works and is compatible with all the latest laptops, desktops and touch screen devices.

Verdict: Ubuntu is a great option for those with holes for pockets. Its open-source feature is enticing enough to attract many users. But, it also makes up in quality by providing a robust interface, and security features that are too hard to pass on.

Website: Ubuntu


#3) Mac OS

Best For Apple-exclusive Apps, Dynamic Desktop, etc.
Price: Free with Apple Devices.

Mac OS

The Mac OS has been the staple of almost all Apple devices as we can remember. It has evolved with time to include the features that first and foremost define innovation.

In recent years, the MAC operating systems have been completely free with the occasional free upgrade by its developers. For Apple users, there is no other option except the MAC OS.

Features

  • The new dark mode gives your desktop interface a more dramatic look which is easier on the eyes.
  • A dynamic desktop which helps to automatically organize your desktop files by kind, date or tag.
  • Continuity camera that scans or photographs a document nearby your iPhone and automatically appears on your mac.
  • Discover handpicked apps with the MAC app store.
  • New iTunes that allows users to search for songs with few lyrics.
  • Prevent websites from tracking your Mac by making your profile more anonymous online.

Verdict: Mac’s biggest accomplishment is how dynamic the look and design of its interface appears. It is probably one of the best looking OS today. Now, Apple is allowing its users to get their hands on this OS and all its upgrades for free, and this has alleviated a lot of burden from Apple users who are already paying heftily for the Apple devices.

Website: Apple


#4) Fedora

Best For Open Source DevelopmentCorporate Use, etc.
Price: Free

Fedora

Fedora is another Linux based system which gives Ubuntu’s open-source features a run for the money. Fedora is reliable, user-friendly and makes for a powerful operating system for any laptop and desktop computer.

Fedora is the Operating system that is for casual users and caters to students, hobbyists, and professionals working in corporate environments.

Features

  • A sleek new user interface that allows the developers to focus on their code on Gnome 3 environment.
  • It offers a complete open-source toolbox with languages, tools, and utilities in all just a click or commands away.
  • Allows digging into powerful virtualization tools to get virtual machines up and running.
  • Containerize the own applications or deploy applications out of the box with OCI (Open Container Initiative) image support.

Verdict: Although also good for personal use, fedora works best for developers in the corporate environment. It has all the tools and utilities that a developer needs to work on in their projects and is free of cost!

Website: Fedora


#5) Solaris

Best for Large workload processing, managing multiple databases, etc.
Price: Free

Solaris

Solaris is a UNIX based operating system which was originally developed by Sun Microsystems in the mid-’90s. In 2010 it was renamed as Oracle Solaris after Oracle acquired Sun Microsystems. It is known for its scalability and several other features that made it possible such as Dtrace, ZFS and Time Slider.

Features

  • Provides the most advanced security features in the world such as process and user rights management, thereby allowing you to secure mission-critical data.
  • It offers indisputable performance advantages for web, database, and java-based services.
  • Delivers high-performance networking without any modification.
  • Unlimited capacity for helping in managing file system and databases.
  • Allows seamless inter-operability for solving hundreds of hardware and software problems.

Verdict: Oracle Solaris is considered as one of the best free open source OS in the industry by most of them. It allows for scalability, interoperability, data management and security that are all critical for businesses with the need for high-end operating software.

Website: Solaris


#6) Free BSD

Best For Networking, Internet and Intranet server compatibility.
Price: Free

Free BSD

FreeBSD, as the name suggests is a free UNIX based open-source software. It is compatible with a variety of platforms and mainly focuses on features such as speed, and stability. The most fascinating part about this software is its origin. It was built in the University of California by a large community.

Features

  • Advanced networking, compatibility, and security features which are still missing in many OS today.
  • Ideal for internet and intranet services and can handle large loads and manages memory efficiently to maintain good responses for multiple simultaneous users.
  • Advanced embedded platform catering to higher-end Intel-based appliances.
  • Easy to install using CD-ROM, DVD or directly over the network using FTP and NPS.

Verdict: Free BSD’s biggest appeal is its ability to deliver a robust operating system, given the fact that it was built by a large community of students. It is best for networking, and is compatible across multiple devices and is very simple to install. Hence, give it a try.

Website: Free BSD


#7) Chrome OS

Best For a Web application.
Price: Free

Chrome OS

Chrome OS is another Linux-kernel based operating software that is designed by Google. As it is derived from the free chromium OS, it uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface. This OS primarily supports web applications.

Features

  • An integrated media player that enables the users to play MP3’s, view JPEG’S and handle other multimedia files while offline.
  • Remote application access and virtual desktop access.
  • Chrome OS is designed to be compatible with all the Android applications.
  • With Chrome OS it is possible to run Linux applications.

Verdict: Chrome OS is an operating software that works fine, but there is still a lot of promise to what it might eventually become. For now, it is good for multi-media, Linux and Android applications. For the other features, we will have to just wait and watch.

Website: Chrome OS


#8) CentOS

Best for Coding, Personal, and Business Use.
Price: Free

Cent OS

The CentOS is another community-driven open source free software that allows robust platform management. It is best for developers who are looking for an operating system that simply helps them to perform their coding tasks. That’s not to say that it has nothing to offer those who simply want to use it for mundane purposes.

Features

  • Extensive resources for coders looking to build, test and release their codes.
  • Advanced networking, compatibility, and security features that are still missing in many OS today.
  • It allows for seamless interoperability by solving hundreds of hardware and software problems.
  • It provides the most advanced security features in the world such as process and user rights management, thereby allowing you to secure mission-critical data.

Verdict: We recommend CentOS to coders than for personal and home use. CentOS makes their coding work simpler and faster. Moreover, it is free.

Website: CentOS


#9) Debian

Best For Running Apps.
Price: Free

Debian

Debian is again a Linux kernel-based free open-source OS. It comes with over 59000 packages and is a pre-compiled software bundled in a nice format. It is easy to install and offers a user-friendly interface.

Features

  • Faster and lighter than the other OS, irrespective of the processor speed.
  • It comes with in-built security firewalls to protect valuable data.
  • Easy to install through any medium.
  • Advanced networking, compatibility, and security features which are still missing in many OS today.

Verdict: Debian might not be the most versatile of the Operating systems mentioned above, but its free open source feature makes it something that you should try if you are short on cash.

Website: Debian


#10) Deepin

Best For Running Application.
Price: Free

Deepin

Deepin is an open-source operating system based on Debian’s stable branch. It features DDE, (Deepin Desktop Environment built on QT. It has been praised for its beautiful aesthetics and very appealing interface.

Features

  • User-Friendly and Robust Aesthetics.
  • Advanced security features.
  • Simple Installation Procedure.
  • Home to custom-tailored Deepin apps like font installer, file manager, screenshot, Deepin screen recorder, voice recorder, image and movie viewer, etc.

Verdict: Deepin can very well qualify as its own little niche OS. It is free and improves upon many shortcomings of Debian. With more modifications, it will compete with the top operating systems like Windows and Mac in no time.

WebsiteDeepin


Conclusion

An operating system is a fuel that is required to run your computer at your convenience. There are many OS out there that make it possible. Choose the best operating system that suits your needs and comfort.

If you are looking for personal use like gaming and browsing, then Windows is perfect for you. If you have an Apple device then you have no other option than using the MAC OS.

For businesses, there is the option of Linux and UNIX based OS. Whatever you choose the above list will help you clarify any confusion and make the right decision.

The Best OS must be capable of:

  • Running critical computing applications.
  • Manage a device’s software and hardware.
  • Connect with the CPU for memory and storage allocation.

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