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Your computer is a valuable electronic investment that needs to be cared for. Here are some basic and simple tips to take care of your computer.
how to take care of your computer with pictures
How To Take Care Of Your Computer System
1. Get Padded Protection for Your Laptop
Pick up a laptop sleeve, laptop case or a laptop bookbag to carry around your computer. You can even consider making your own out of a sleeping bag or pillow. Dropping your laptop a couple of times could result in crashing it, and wiping out all your important documents.
2. Be Good to Your Battery
Laptop batteries will only last for a few years. So, try not to leave your battery charging all the time. When the battery is done charging, unplug the power cable, or remove the battery. You should also charge your battery fully before unplugging the power cable, and also use the battery fully before recharging.
3. Use Antivirus and a Firewall
It’s important to use an antivirus program that’s updated. It could cost over $150 to fix your computer if you get a virus or spyware. You also want to protect any confidential information you may have on your computer.
4. Defragment Your Hard Drive
If you use a Mac, your computer already maintains itself regularly. If you use a PC, you should defragment your hard drive regularly to get your computer to run faster.
To access your Disk Defragmenter:
- Click Start
- System tools
- Disk Defragmenter
Get rid of old files you don’t need anymore. Use Disk Cleanup to delete temporary files, files in the recycle bin, and other files you don’t need anymore.
To access Disk Cleanup:
- Click Start
- All Programs
- System Tools
- Disk Cleanup
You should also clean out your browsing and download history if you don’t need them anymore.
If you’re using Mozilla Firefox, go to:
- Clear Recent History
If you’re using Google Chrome, go to:
- Settings (wrench icon on the right)
- Edit items
- Clear all browsing data
6. Reformat Your Computer
If your computer is wearing out, consider backing up all your files and reinstalling your operating system. I find that it’s such a hassle sometimes but I do it for my own protection, especially after I delete viruses or spyware from my computer.
7. Be Careful With Food and Drinks
You won’t believe how many computers are ruined with accidents involving food and drinks (especially coffee, according to hubber hotwebideas). Use a canteen or bottle with a lid to avoid spilling drinks onto your computer. Be careful when eating foods with sauces because a simple spill could cause a big problem.
8. Disable Programs You Don’t Use
If your computer takes a long time to load, it’s probably because it’s loading programs that are set to run on startup. Check out which programs you don’t need to run on startup by accessing System Configuation, and disable them.
To access System Configuration and check out which programs are running on startup, go to:
- Click Start
- Click “Run…”
- Type in “msconfig”
- Click the tab “Startup”
- Uncheck programs you don’t want to load on startup
- Click “Apply” and then “OK” (may require your computer to restart)
9. Keep Your Computer Cool
Avoid using your computer on soft surfaces (like your bed) because that will prevent air from flowing through your computer. Try to find a cool and hard surface for your computer to prevent overheating, and to encourage airflow. If you have a usable and cool basement, consider using your computer there. You should also invest in a cooling pad or fan to prevent overheating.
10. Be patient. And Don’t Run Too Much at Once
Every program requires a bit of your CPU. Be patient if you’re trying to run a program, and it’s taking a while. Don’t immediately hit the power button every time your computer freezes for a minute. Wait a while and then use your intuition to assess whether or not you should reboot.
Try not to run too many programs and tabs at once. Close any programs and tabs you don’t need to avoid freezing your computer.
11. Clean Your Computer
It’s important to clean your computer to prevent dust from decreasing airflow, which can make your computer overheat. You can pick up Air Dusters to clean the dust regularly. Be very gentle when cleaning your computer.
How to clean your monitor:
- Get a soft cloth and dampen it with cool water.
- Wipe your monitor downward carefully and gently. Don’t press too hard onto the screen.
- Don’t leave any water drops that could damage internal components.
Make sure your computer ports don’t get clogged up (usually from dust) to avoid having to hire professionals to clean them.
How to clean your computer ports:
- Shut off your computer.
- Use a fan or a can of compressed air (you can get this at home office stores like Staples or Office Depot) to blow away whatever dust and garbage you can.
- Use a toothpick or needle to carefully clean out the mess.
- Take the fan or compressed air to blow away more gunk.
- Rub alcohol onto a cotton swab or q-tip to clean the area around the port.
- Wait until your computer is dry before turning it back on.
- Clean your computer regularly.
The single best way to care for your gaming computer is to provide it with routine care. Basic software and hardware maintenance is easy to perform and extends the life of your computer.
items used for the care of the computer
Let’s take a look at the 10 commandments of computer care for your workstation PC.
1. Install Antivirus Software
Antivirus software is responsible for catching viruses in spammy downloads and fishy websites. Some programs are free, while others cost around $50-$100 per year. Even if you choose to pay for the software, it’s still far less than what it would cost to have to restore your system.
2. Perform Regular Software Updates
Software updates keep your PC running smoothly. Updates generally contain fixes for bugs and glitches as well as enhanced security features.
3. Run Computer Maintenance
Computer maintenance is a vital step in protecting your computer. On a PC, defragment your computer regularly and clean the registry. Scans and updates are also necessary.
4. Backup Files
It’s a good idea to backup all files so that they are there if something happens to your computer. External hard drives are the popular choice for backing up photos, videos and other files. Software-based backups are also useful and allow you to go back in your workstation PC’s timeline in case of a glitch.
5. Keep Your Keyboard Crumb Free
It’s common to eat over your keyboard, but it’s a habit you should stop. Crumbs are more than a nuisance; they can damage the internal parts of the keyboard.
6. Clean the Screen
Another part of your gaming computer that you should keep clean is the screen. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for cleaning, and always use a soft cloth or wipes specifically made for electronics.
7. Remove Dust from Vents and Fans
The fan and vents keep your gaming PC from getting too hot, but dust can get inside and cause them to run slow. Luckily, you can either clean the fan and vents yourself or take your laptop to a computer shop.
8. Use a Surge Protector
Just one power surge can fry your gaming computer while it’s plugged in. Protect your system with an inexpensive surge protector, and carry one with you, too.
9. Avoid Extreme Temperatures
Moderate temperatures of 68 to 71 degrees Fahrenheit are ideal temperatures for computers. Avoid leaving your laptop in a hot car or cold, damp basement for instance.
10. Carry Laptops in Cases
If you bring your computer with you to school or work, make sure that you transport it in a padded carrying case. These cases not only protect computers from scratches and dents, but also they prevent them from getting dust and debris inside the fans, vents, etc.
It is important that you take good care of your laptop to keep it working well. Following these easy steps will ensure that your laptop lasts longer and requires less maintenance. As an added bonus, many of the steps will also maintain your laptop’s speed. It is also useful to do a check of the laptop once in a while so as to remove any errors or problems which might have crept in during the routine usage.
- Keep liquids away from your laptop. As tempting as it might be to drink coffee, soda, water or any other liquid near your laptop, accidents can happen all too easily. Alternatively, use a cup with a cover on it, so even if it does spill, the liquid doesn’t go anywhere. Spilled liquids may damage the internal microelectronic components or cause electrical damage. Short circuits can corrupt data or even permanently destroy some parts of the laptop. The solution is very simple: Keep your drinks away from your computer. Even if you are careful, someone else might spill your drink.
- Having antivirus software available is the best defence against a virus. Even if you know what you download, it could still contain a virus. If you choose not to have antivirus software you run the risk of a circuit error or software problem in your system. The virus may also slow down the system operations and performance.
- Keep food away from your laptop. Don’t eat over your laptop, the crumbs can fall between the keys and provide an invitation to small bugs or damage the circuitry. Worse yet, the laptop will look dirty if there are crumbs on it.
- Do not use your computer in a room where animals are. Their fur and hair can get into the internal workings and damage them. Also larger animals (e.g dogs) can accidentally damage them by knocking them off their support by brushing past, wagging tail, tripping over leads etc.
- Ideally keep the computer in a clean and dust free room.
- Always have clean hands when using your laptop. Clean hands make it easier to use your laptop touchpad and there will be less risk of leaving dirt and other stains on the computer. In addition, if you clean your hands before you use the laptop, you will reduce wear and tear on the coating caused by contact with sweat and small particles that can act upon the laptop’s exterior.
- Protect the LCD display monitor. When you shut your laptop, make sure there are no small items, such as a pencil or small ear-phones, on the keyboard. These can damage the display screen if the laptop is shut on them; the screen will scratch if the item is rough. Close the lid gently and holding it in the middle. Closing the lid using only one side causes pressure on that hinge, and over time can cause it to bend and snap.
- Hold and lift the computer by its base, not by its LCD display (the screen). If you lift it by the screen alone, you could damage the display or the hinges attaching the display to the base. The display is also easily scratched or damaged by direct pressure – avoid placing pressure on it.
- Don’t pull on the power cord. Tugging your power cord out from the power socket rather than pulling directly on the plug can cause the cord to break off from the plug or damage the power socket. Also, if the power cord is near your feet, avoid kicking it accidentally; in fact, it is best to refrain from bumping into the plug at all because you could loosen it and eventually break it.
- Don’t roll your chair over the computer cord. Stick the cord onto your desk with tape or a special computer cord tie which can easily be undone when you’ve finished using the laptop. Always try to keep the cord away from the floor and your legs.
- Be sure to plug accessory devices into their proper slots. Always look at the symbols on the laptop carefully before inserting devices. Jamming a phone line into an Ethernet port or vice versa could damage the sockets, making it impossible to use them again. It is very important to observe this step.
- Handle any removable drives with care. CD drives that have been removed from your laptop could easily be crushed or dropped; do not be careless. If you are not putting them back into the laptop, put them straight into a storage box or case for safekeeping.
- Insert drives into their slots carefully and at the correct angle. Pushing the drive too forcefully into its slot could jam it.
- Check to see if labels are affixed securely before inserting media into your laptop. CDs, DVDs, or floppy disks should not have any loose labels that may jam inside the laptop. Never insert undersized CDs, as these can damage the disk player permanently.
- Don’t expose your laptop to rapid temperature changes. When bringing your laptop indoors during winter, don’t turn it on immediately. Instead, let it warm to room temperature first. This will avoid any potential for damage to the disk drive from condensation forming inside the machine. Avoid heat from sunlight as well.
- Don’t leave your laptop in a car. Not only do the insides of cars experience large temperature swings that could damage a laptop, but a laptop (or laptop bag) is an inviting target for a smash and grab thief.
- Have the unit cleaned annually to remove internal dust. Get this done by a computer professional, or do it yourself if you can. If dust accumulates, the system will not be able to cool itself correctly. Heat can destroy the motherboard.
- Avoid placing heavy materials, such as books, on top of your laptop. This can push the LCD screen into the keyboard, and will eventually damage it. Also, the CD-ROM insert will be squished and, eventually, will break.
- Use a properly-sized laptop case. Whatever you use to carry your laptop around, be it a case, a bag, or something you made yourself, make sure that it is large enough to hold the laptop. This will help avoid scratching, squeezing or potentially dropping it.
- Look into getting a laptop bag. Many breaks happen because laptops are dropped or bumped. A bag greatly reduces the risk of damage.
- Only use and store your laptop in a well-ventilated area. When you are using your laptop, do so in a place that has a constant air-circulation. Lots of people ruin their laptops by using them in enclosed areas and thus cause the laptop to overheat.
- Use an old toothbrush to clean the area around the exhaust fan screen. If that gets plugged up, air flow is diminished and overheating can occur.
- Try to keep the laptop on a flat, clean surface. This prevents damage to the laptop. This can be hard to do, particularly if you are outside with your laptop, but if there is a flat surface available then put your laptop on it.
- Don’t use your laptop on the bed. Repeated use of a laptop on the bed will cause the fans to suck up the dust and debris in the bed, ultimately blocking the fan.
- Always check that your laptop does not have too much of software and bloat-wares running around as they keep eating the precious memory which is required for playing games or doing other high-end tasks.
- Make sure that while downloading stuff from the web you do not download unwanted installers which are usually created to install unwanted softwares which are provided as freeware for providing the file which you require.
- Also its preferable that you use a cleanup software like tune up utilities or c cleaner etc. for keeping your computer under constant surveillance from the unnecessary programs installed during various activities.
- If possible do a clean install of the operating system you use once every 2 to 3 years. This will really help the laptop to start from the scratch and maintain everything in a very organised and effective manner.
- If you are already on a device with low ram then do not trouble the device with programs which accelerate the processor, it is better if you switch over to another hard drive or pendrive to provide a bit of external ram and provides a bit of breathing space to the computers internals.
- For providing external RAM in windows laptops there is an option called windows ready boost which gives an allocated space to be used as he virtual ram for the computer instead of being completely dependent on the internal memory provided.
- Do not try to run large or unsupported multimedia files over your computer if your computer does not meet the specifications as it usually damages the computer in the long run.
- It is also better if you head over to the local store and check for a complete maintenance check to solve any errors which keep troubling you.
- Take care that if you use a laptop not to use it in places full of dust flying around as it may block the heat escape routes over a period of time and thereby make your laptop much hot faster than usual