If you are looking for the Rotary Wing Aircraft Vs Fixed Wing guide, then look no further than this article. It includes the advantage of rotary wing over fixed wing aircraft. Perhaps you are interested in the rotary wing aircraft vs helicopter guide, then reading this article may help you.
Aircraft can be categorized based on a wide variety of factors; weight, size, shape, model, etc. The FAA offers class ratings which allow pilots to fly a certain group of aircraft that require similar training. There are seven categories of aircraft under the FAA’s class ratings. The different categories are airplane, rotorcraft, powered lift, glider, lighter than air, powered parachute, and weight-shift-control aircraft. One of the simplest categorizations is the difference between fixed and rotary wing aircraft.
advantage of rotary wing over fixed wing aircraft
Rotary Wing Aircraft Vs Fixed Wing
Fixed wing aircraft generate forward thrust. Wings generate lift as the result of the aircraft’s speed and the shape of the wing. The wings are not always static, and the aircraft is not always flown by a pilot. Some examples of unmanned fixed wing aircraft include kites and gliders, and examples of manned fixed wing aircraft are an airplane and a seaplane. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are offered in both configurations. The airframe of a fixed wing aircraft often consists of horizontal wings, a fuselage, a vertical stabilizer, a horizontal stabilizer, and aircraft landing gear components. There are several different aircraft designs that do not include some of these components. Flying wing aircraft have no tail or definite fuselage. Blended wing bodies have wings that blend into the fuselage which produces more lift and less drag. A lifting body aircraft is the opposite of a flying wing aircraft in that it includes a fuselage that generates lift and the flying wing is basically a large wing with no fuselage.
Rotary wing aircraft generate vertical thrust. The blades of the rotor are like rotating wings. They create lift by diverting the air downwards. Examples of a rotary wing aircraft, or rotorcraft, are helicopters, autogyros, gyrodynes, and rotor kites. Helicopter rotors are driven by the engine and often require an anti-torque device. Autogyros have an engine-powered propeller to generate thrust and an unpowered rotor which is driven by autorotation. Gyrodyne rotors are powered by the engine for takeoff and landing but they use propellers that are mounted on small wings to generate forward flight. The propellers act as anti-torque devices against the rotary blades. A rotor kite is similar to a glider because it is not powered by an engine and therefore has to be dropped from another aircraft— a glider is towed. Once dropped, it then uses autorotation to keep aloft.
The UAV present huge potentiality as far as concern both precision and efficiency, allowing not only to bring down operating costs with respect to traditional planes or helicopters, but also to intervene in environments where it couldn’t be possible to operate by an aircraft with pilot on board. Also between the aircrafts there are differences that make them more or less suited for a given activity.
The modality of flight of the fixed wing UAV in fact are optimized in particular for the professional use of the data and for their topographic restitution with high quality and precision in the three dimensions.
Briefly, the main advantages can be summarized in this way:
- longer flight autonomy: the fixed wing UAV are able to flight for about 45 minutes consecutively, while the multi-copters UAV have normally an autonomy much more limited (usually about 10-15 minutes, taking off and landing operations included);
- larger areas covered in less time: the fixed wing UAV allow to survey surfaces up to 10 km2 with a single flight, reaching fast the operating height and keeping high their efficiency; a multi-copter UAV needs on the contrary continuous pit-stop and longer times to recuperate the working-point from which the mission can be restarted;
- better quality of the photographic result: the quality of the images for the professional and technical use depends strongly on the lighting conditions which obviously con change also during a single flight; the possibility of the fixed wing UAV to survey in a short time and with continuity large areas, allows to keep a better uniformity of the taken images and consequently an high quality of the final result;
- better control of flight parameters: the fixed wings UAV allow to keep constant and controlled the main parameters which can influence the flight (for example the cruise velocity): this fact allows to control also the accuracy of the shooting; the multi-copters UAV, since they cannot normally coordinate the shooting modality with flight parameters, don’t allow to guarantee images analogous with each other in typology and quality; for this reason, it is necessary to post process the images in a way that can modify significantly the final quality of the restitution;
- elimination of the noise in the taken images: the fixed wing UAV can flight also without propeller propulsion (as a glider): this potentiality, that is not available for multi-copters drones, guarantees an higher safety of the flight and moreover it is exploited during the shooting moment: the engine is turned down and in this way the possible physical and electromagnetic noises, that can influence the quality of the taken image, are minimized;
- better aerodynamic performance and minor influence of environmental conditions: the fixed wing UAV can fly with wind velocity up to 45 km/h; in these conditions are guaranteed in any way the flight stability and the keeping of the correct azimutal balance, which is necessary to obtain correct ortophotos;
- higher control of image quality: the fixed wing UAV allow to monitor automatically and in real time the image quality, making possible, if necessary, to interrupt the flight and then restart it from the precise shooting point of the image that has not the required quality;
- higher flight safety: the fixed wing UAV has a weight much lower with respect to rotating wing drones having the same payload, and in case of technical problems to the engine the fixed wing drones don’t lose completely their ability to flight in a controlled way;
- possibility to offer single shoots: the fixed wing UAV allow to take single photos in predefined positions, making possible in this way to obtain spectacular framing of single objects, buildings or landscapes with high resolution.
rotary wing aircraft vs helicopter
Top 10 Luxury Helicopters in the World
Most people have heard of personal and charter jets, but luxury helicopters are the genuine gems. Not only are these aircraft comparatively less expensive, but helicopters can approach places that bulky jets can’t. Having a private or commercial helicopter is expedient, more environment friendly, and a symbol of status. Celebrities including Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie and Donald Trump own a luxury helicopter, and this slot market has grown considerably in recent years due to demand from the rich.
They are well-appointed with all the newest technology, and interior seating marks that are designed in fine Italian leather upholstery.
Therefore the list of top 10 luxury helicopters is given below:
1. Augusta Westland AW119 Ke Koala:
The Koala is chiefly used by law enforcement, but it can easily provide accommodation to a group of corporate directors traveling on business. It has a VIP services quite adequately, with premium leather upholstery and seating for about 6 passengers and 2 operators. The Koala reaches a top speed of 166 mph (267 km/h) and a range of 618 miles (995 km). Price ranges from $1.8 to $3 million.
2. Eurocopter Hermès EC 135:
Though this brand of luxury helicopters is not suitable for long distant trips, is has a class apart built. The typical EC 135 will cost you a mere $4.2 million, but the one with the interior design from the best in class designer will cost you up to $6 million. The top speed is 178 mph, but the range is just 395 miles.
3. Augusta Westland AW109 Grand Versace VIP:
Augusta Westland teamed up with the Italian fashion house Versace to produce a super luxury interior for this fancier version of the AW109. The top speed is about 177 mph and a range of 599 miles. The mere difference is that all 599 of those miles will be more luxurious for the VIP passengers. Hence, will cost you $6.3 million price tag and the helicopter is fully covered in Versace leather, design and exterior.
4. Eurocopter Mercedes-Benz EC 145:
If you’re a Mercedes fan, now you can fly your preferred brand helicopter too. A regular EC 145 costs about $5.5 million, so the Mercedes version is going to cost anywhere around $7 million. But it’s totally worth it. No other Mercedes can go 153 mph while flying 17,000 feet above the ground. It has all the luxury of the famous German sports.
5. Eurocopter EC 175:
The EC 175 made its wonderful first appearance at the Paris Air Show in 2009. The chief feature of the EC 175 is that it can hold 16 passengers contentedly inside. The top speed reaches 178 mph (286 km/h), with a range of 345 miles (555 km). It costs whooping $7.9 million.
6. Eurocopter EC 155:
This is a luxurious chopper. Its top speed is an impressive 200 mph with a range of 533 miles. It can seat as many as 13 passengers; this spacious EC 155 aircraft will cost you $10 million.
7. Sikorsky S-76C:
The Sikorsky S-76C is more generally known as Black Hawk. The massive interior is large sufficient to fit up to a dozen passengers, but the seating occupies 4 passengers in Black Hawk model. It reaches a top speed of 178 mph (286 km/h) and has a range of 473 miles (761 km). It would cost you a $12.95 million.
8. Augusta Westland AW139:
The AW139 is appropriate for law enforcement, armed patrol and firefighters. It has a capacity to seat 8 passengers. The AW139 can reach an unbelievable top speed of 193 mph (310 km/h), with a range of 573 miles (922 km). It carries a beautiful interior costing you a hefty $14.5 million.
9. Bell 525 Relentless:
Like the Gulfstream 650 jet, the Bell 525 Relentless helicopter isn’t on the market currently. This chopper is going to cost $15 million. They predicted that the seating will be for 16, a top speed of 162 mph, and a range of 460 miles. This bright yellow Relentless with amazing seating will cost you a fortune.
10. Sikorsky S-92 VIP Configuration:
The S-92 can safely accommodate 9 passengers in its extensive interior cabin. The prices vary exponentially if you plan on decking the interiors with gold or crystal. The top speed of the S-92 is around 194 mph (312 km/h), with a range of 594 miles (956 km). The prices range from $17 million to $32 million.
Helicopter charter can be the most stress-free travel familiarity you will ever have. Which includes being able to travel outside of airports to reach vital meetings or even other flights in a different airport. Though rich class can afford these luxury helicopters, they are worth the investment.